Chess articlesGreat Chess-Players

Adolph Anderson

Adolf Andersson & His Immortal Game


  Hello Boys and girls! My name was Adolf Anderson and frankly, I never would have thought that I would have been considered the world’s leading chess player during the 1850s and 1860s.

Early Life

I was born in Breslau in 1818. I lived there for the most of my life, with and supporting my widowed mother and my unmarried sister. I never got married either. After graduating high school, I studied mathematics and philosophy. After graduating from university, at the age of 29, I took a position at the Fredric’s-Gymnasium as an instructor and later as Professor of Mathematics. I lived a quiet, stable and respectable middle class life. Though my career was teaching mathematics, my hobby and passion has always been playing chess.

Anderson’s Chess Career

My father taught me how to play chess when I was 9. My first attention came to the chess world when I published “Task for chess players”, which included a collection of 60 chess problems. I continued to publish problems for many years, both in magazines and as a second collection.  

 These brought me to the attention of the “Berlin Pleiades” group, which included some of the strongest players of that time, and I played matches against some of them. My development as a player was relatively slow, largely because I could spare neither the time nor the money to play many matches against strong players. Nevertheless by 1846 I was able to put up a good fight against another Pleiades member, who may have been the world’s strongest player at the time.
Later, I drew a match with one of the professional players of that time. On the basis of this match and my general chess reputation, I was invited to represent German chess at the first International Chess Tournament and time by time, I played against strong opponents and won possibly all the matches.

I was quite soundly defeated by Paul Morphy who toured Europe in 1858, but Morphy retired from chess soon after and I was again considered the leading player of that time.

To me, chess is the gymnasium of the mind. If you want to play it, then make it your passion.

The game below shows my most famous game. It was considered so beautiful it was named the Immortal game! 

If you would like to know more about me check out this page. 

If you would like to know more about  Paul Morphy you can click here.



A pic of Adolf Anderssen
Adolf Anderson as a Young Man
Adolf Anderson
Adolf in later years
Adolf Anderson
Adolf Anderson

Adolf Anderson Games

[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=0 autoplayMode=none] [Event "London"] [Site "London ENG"] [Date "1851.06.21"] [Round "?"] [White "Adolf Anderssen"] [Black "Lionel Adalbert Bagration Felix Kieseritzky"] [Result "1-0"] 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Qh4+ 4.Kf1 b5 5.Bxb5 Nf6 6.Nf3 Qh6 7.d3 Nh5 8.Nh4 Qg5 9.Nf5 c6 10.g4 Nf6 11.Rg1 cxb5 12.h4 Qg6 13.h5 Qg5 14.Qf3 Ng8 15.Bxf4 Qf6 16.Nc3 Bc5 17.Nd5 Qxb2 18.Bd6 Bxg1 {It is from this move that Black's defeat stems. Wilhelm Steinitz suggested in 1879 that a better move would be 18... Qxa1+; likely moves to follow are 19. Ke2 Qb2 20. Kd2 Bxg1.} 19.e5 Qxa1+ 20.Ke2 Na6 21.Nxg7+ Kd8 22.Qf6+ Nxf6 23.Be7# 1-0 [/pgn] [pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=0 autoplayMode=none] [Event "Berlin"] [Site "Berlin GER"] [Date "1852.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Adolf Anderssen"] [Black "Jean Dufresne"] [Result "1-0"] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d3 8.Qb3 Qf6 9.e5 Qg6 10.Re1 Nge7 11.Ba3 b5 12.Qxb5 Rb8 13.Qa4 Bb6 14.Nbd2 Bb7 15. Ne4 Qf5 16.Bxd3 Qh5 17.Nf6+ gxf6 18.exf6 Rg8 19.Rad1 Qxf3 20.Rxe7+ Nxe7 21.Qxd7+ Kxd7 22.Bf5+ Ke8 23.Bd7+ Kf8 24.Bxe7# 1-0 [/pgn] [pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=0 autoplayMode=none] [Event "London"] [Site "London ENG"] [Date "1851.??.??"] [Round "?"] [White "Adolf Anderssen"] [Black "Johann Jacob Loewenthal"] [Result "1-0"] 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 b5 4.Bxb5 Qh4+ 5.Kf1 g5 6.Nc3 Bg7 7.d4 Ne7 8.Nf3 Qh5 9.h4 h6 10.e5 Nf5 11.Kg1 Ng3 12.Rh2 Qg6 13.Nd5 Kd8 14.hxg5 hxg5 15. Rxh8+ Bxh8 16.Nxg5 Qxg5 17.Bxf4 Qh4 18.Bxg3 Qxg3 19.Qh5 Qg7 20.Qh4+ 1-0 [/pgn]