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Rook and Knight Checkmates

The Rook and Knight Checkmates

 Rook and Knight Checkmate article

 Rook and Knight Checkmate video

Hello Chess for Children kids, this is Mr.C and today’s topic will be Rook and Knight Checkmates.

Types of Rook and Knight Checkmates.

There are four types of Rook and Knight Checkmates . They are:

  1. Anastasia’s Mate
  2. The Arabian Checkmate
  3. The Corner Checkmate
  4. The Hook

We will look over each checkmate in turn and of course at the end there will be a quiz games and puzzles to test your skill and knowledge.

1) Anastasia’a Mate

Anastasia’s Mate is named after the checkmating pattern that appeared in a book by Jacob Heinse in 1803. The book was called, according to Batgirl (a very famous chess historian).  (Anastasia and the Chess Game). If you would like to read the book, if you can read German, you can do so by clicking below.  Anatasia und das Schackspiel.

The basic pattern for Anastasia’s Mate is in the diagrams below:

Anastasia's Mate
Anastasia’s Mate : White to move and mate in three

Let ‘s summarize the position: White is down by a great deal of material so he needs to find mate or resign. 

The Black King has 2 squares g8 and h8.  The Knight can take away the square g8 by checking at e7. Now lets count how many squares the King has..The answer is 1 square the square he is on or h8. Well what is stopping the checkmate? It is the Pawn at h7. What happens when we remove that obstacle with Qh7+? Then the King has 3 squares the squares h8,h7 and h6. What kind of line are those squares along? A straight line is the answer. What piece do we have to take away those squares? The rook when it moves to h3. Finally can Black take the Rook when we move there or block the Rooks path effectively? The answer to both of those questions is no. Since Black has no squares left the result is, of course, checkmate.

If you would like to know more about Batgirls blogs or explorations of chess history you can see here blog at this site.

2) The Arabian Checkmate

The Arabian Checkmate is named because it appeared in an Arabic manuscript. The position of the mate appears below:

Arabian Mate
Arabian Mate: White to move and mate in 2.  2 different ways.

OK, here we go again.  Question 1 how many squares does the Black King have? The King has 3 squares all along the back row.  If we move the Rook to the back row the King will escape to h7 and if we then check on h7 the Black King escapes to g6. So the Rook move is wrong.

Ok that leaves the move Nf6 and Black has 2 choices if he move the Kh8 do you see the mate? Yes, it is Rook to h7.

So if he moves the King to f8 …How many squares does the Black King have?   He has 2 squares e7 & f8.  Rf7 ends the game.

3. The Corner Mate

As of this writing  have not yet discovered the origin of first corner mate. I promise to you, my readers that we will track it down eventually!
The initial pattern of the corner mate is in the diagram below:
The Corner Checkmate
The Corner Checkmate: White to move and mate in 2 moves       

4. The Hook Mate

Again no history on this one, basic pattern in the diagram below.
The Hook Mate: White to move Mate in 2
The Hook Mate: White to move Mate in 2

Rook and Knight Mate Examples

 Anastasia’s Mate

[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] [Event "Vienna"] [Site "Vienna"] [Date "1852.??.??"] [White "Conrad Bayer"] [Black "Ernst Falkbeer"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "C52"] [PlyCount "46"] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4 Bxb4 5.c3 Ba5 6.d4 exd4 7.O-O d6 8.Qb3 Qf6 9.cxd4 Bb6 10.e5 dxe5 11.dxe5 Qg6 12.Nh4 Qh5 13.e6 fxe6 14.Bxe6 Bxe6 15.Qxe6+ Nge7 16.Nf3 Rf8 17.Bg5 Rxf3 18.Bxe7 Nd4 19.Qe4 Rf4 20.Qxb7 Kxe7 21.Qxa8 Ne2+ 22.Kh1 Qxh2+ 23.Kxh2 Rh4# 0-1 [/pgn]
[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] Event "Stockholm"] [Site "Stockholm SWE"] [Date "1908.??.??"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "?"] [Result "0-1"] [White "Paul Saladin Leonhardt"] [Black "Fritz Englund"] [ECO "C57"] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Nd4 6.c3 b5 7.Bf1 Nxd5 8.cxd4 Qxg5 9.Bxb5+ Kd8 10.Qf3 Bb7 11.O-O Rb8 12.d3 Qg6 13.Qg3 exd4 14.Na3 Bxa3 15.bxa3 Nc3 16.Qxg6 hxg6 17.Bc4 Ne2+ 18.Kh1 Ke7 0-1 [/pgn]

 Arabian Mate

[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] Event "Vienna"] [Site "Vienna"] [Date "1860.04.??"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "?"] [Result "0-1"] [White "Reiner"] [Black "Wilhelm Steinitz"] [ECO "C44"] 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 exd4 4. Bc4 Bc5 5. O-O d6 6. c3 Bg4 7. Qb3 Bxf3 8. Bxf7+ Kf8 9. Bxg8 Rxg8 10. gxf3 g5 11. Qe6 Ne5 12. Qf5+ Kg7 13. Kh1 Kh8 14. Rg1 g4 15. f4 Nf3 16. Rxg4 Qh4 17. Rg2 Qxh2+ 18. Rxh2 Rg1# 0-1 [/pgn]
[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] Event "West Virginia -"] [Site "West Virginia -"] [Date "1947.??.??"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "7.0"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Edward Holt"] [Black "Ted Bingamon"] [ECO "C56"] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.d4 exd4 5.O-O Nxe4 6.Re1 d5 7.Nxd4 Qh4 8.g3 Qf6 9.Nf3 Bg4 10.Nbd2 Nd4 11.Nxe4 Nxf3+ 12.Qxf3 Qxf3 13.Nf6+ Kd8 14.Re8# 1-0 [/pgn]

 Corner Mate

[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] Event "27th Open"] [Site "Guernsey GCI"] [Date "2001.10.21"] [EventDate "2001.10.21"] [Round "1"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Jan Jaap Janse"] [Black "Thomas E Borland"] [ECO "D00"] 1. d4 d5 2. Bg5 Nf6 3. Bxf6 exf6 4. e3 Bd6 5. c4 c6 6. cxd5 cxd5 7. Nc3 Bb4 8. Bd3 O-O 9. Qc2 g6 10. h4 Nc6 11. h5 f5 12. Nge2 Re8 13. O-O-O Be6 14. g4 Qg5 15. gxf5 Bxf5 16. Bxf5 Qxf5 17. Qxf5 gxf5 18. Nxd5 Red8 19. Ndc3 Rac8 20. Rdg1+ Kh8 21. Rg5 Ne7 22. Rhg1 f6 23. Rg7 Nd5 24. Kd2 f4 25. Rxb7 f3 26. Ng3 a5 27. Nge4 f5 28. Ng5 Nxc3 29. Nf7# 1-0 [/pgn]
[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] Event "Dortmund-B"] [Site "Dortmund"] [Date "1988.??.??"] [EventDate "?"] [Round "?"] [Result "0-1"] [White "Georgios Makropoulos"] [Black "Ivan Farago"] [ECO "A03"] [WhiteElo "2379"] [BlackElo "2504"] 1.f4 d5 2.b3 Nf6 3.Bb2 g6 4.e3 Bg7 5.Nf3 O-O 6.Be2 b6 7.O-O Bb7 8.a4 c5 9.a5 bxa5 10.Qc1 Nc6 11.Nc3 d4 12.Na4 Nd7 13.Ne1 Nb4 14.c3 dxc3 15.dxc3 Nd5 16.Bf3 Qc7 17.c4 Bxb2 18.Nxb2 N5f6 19.Qc3 Bxf3 20.gxf3 Rfb8 21.Nbd3 Rb7 22.Nc1 Re8 23.Ned3 e5 24.fxe5 Nxe5 25.Nxe5 Rxe5 26.Rd1 Rb8 27.e4 Rg5+ 28.Kh1 Qf4 29.Ne2 Nxe4 30.Nxf4 Nf2# 0-1 [/pgn]

The Hook Mate

[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] Event "London"] [Site "London ENG"] [Date "1899.06.03"] [EventDate "1899.05.30"] [Round "4"] [Result "1-0"] [White "David Janowski"] [Black "Carl Schlechter"] [ECO "C78"] 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Nc3 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.d3 Na5 9.Ne2 O-O 10.Ng3 c6 11.c3 Nxb3 12.axb3 Re8 13.d4 Qc7 14.Re1 c5 15.d5 Nd7 16.Nf5 Nf8 17.g4 Bf6 18.c4 b4 19.h3 Ng6 20.g5 Bd8 21.Nh2 f6 22.gxf6 Bxf6 23.Qh5 Rf8 24.Ng4 Qd8 25.Kh1 Nf4 26.Bxf4 exf4 27.Rg1 Ra7 28.f3 Kh8 29.Nxf6 Qxf6 30.Nh4 Kg8 31.Rg2 Re7 32.Rg5 Qxb2 33.Rag1 Rff7 34.Qxh7+ Kxh7 35.Rh5+ Kg8 36.Ng6 1-0 [/pgn]
[pgn height=500 initialHalfmove=16 autoplayMode=none] Event "USSR Championship"] [Site "Leningrad URS"] [Date "1971.09.17"] [EventDate "1971.09.15"] [Round "3"] [Result "1-0"] [White "Vladimir Savon"] [Black "Lev Polugaevsky"] [ECO "B84"] 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 a6 6. Be2 e6 7. f4 Be7 8. O-O O-O 9. Be3 Qc7 10. a4 Nc6 11. Nb3 b6 12. Bd3 Bb7 13. Qf3 Nb4 14. Nd4 g6 15. Rad1 e5 16. Nde2 d5 17. fxe5 dxe4 18. Nxe4 Qxe5 19. Qxf6 Nxd3 20. Bd4 Bxf6 21. Nxf6+ Kg7 22. Nd7 Qxd4+ 23. Nxd4 Nxb2 24. Rb1 Rfd8 25. Ne5 Rxd4 26. Rxf7+ Kh6 27. Rxb7 Nxa4 28. Rb3 Rd1+ 29. Kf2 Rd2+ 30. Kg3 Nc5 31. Ng4+ Kg5 32. Re7 Rxg2+ 33. Kxg2 Nxb3 34. Kg3 Kf5 35. Re5# 1-0 [/pgn]
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Rook and Knight Mate Quiz